Volcanic eruptions are indeed one of the most terrible disasters, once erupting can lead to thousands of dead victims. And in this world, there are still many active volcanoes that can erupt at any time. Here is a list of the most active volcanoes in the world and the facts.
1 Santa Maria, Guatemala
The eruption of Mount Santa Maria in 1902 made the mountain in the City of Quetzaltenango region the world’s best-known volcano. That is eruption when it became one of the five largest volcanic eruptions in the past 200 years.
The eruption at that time was mentioned as one of the four largest volcanic eruptions in the 20th century, after the eruption of Mount Pelee in Martinique and Mount Soufriere in St. Vincent. Santa Maria is the biggest of the most active volcanoes in the world.
2 Mauna Loa, Hawaii
Hawaii is the youngest island of the Hawaiian Islands series. Its creation began about a million years ago, when a series of five underwater volcanic eruptions occurred from time to time.
The eruption then creates layers of lava that overlap one another to form land – Hawaii Island. Although the characteristics of the eruption were not explosive. The eruption of Mount Loa was to be the largest in terms of the eruption and the extent of its impact.
Mauna Loa is the largest volcano in the world (volume and area). With lava volumes reaching around 18,000 cubic miles. Although Mauna Loa is not the highest mountain, the explosion is the most dangerous.
Because the lava content of this mountain contains a lot of fluid that can cause severe fires. This mountain last erupted on April 15, 1984.
3 Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano in the bay of Naples, Italy, about 9 kilometers east of Naples. This mount is the only volcano in mainland Europe to have erupted in the last hundred years. Mount Vesuvius is famous in 79, the broke of the Roman cities Pompeii and Herculaneum.
This mountain could erupt at any time, and worse there are around 3 million people who live around Mount Vesuvius. The eruption of this mount can cause very high lava bursts, even on March 22, 1994, lava bursts reached 1000 meters high.
History records the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD as one of the most devastating volcanic eruptions in the world. The eruption when it even buried Pompeii and Herculaneum, two cities located around the slopes of Mount Vesuvius.
4 Merapi Mountain, Indonesia
Located in the administrative region of Central Java and Yogyakarta. Mount Merapi is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia, even in the world. Since the eruption in 1548, Mount Merapi has experienced the most regular eruption among others in Indonesia. Finally, the eruption occurred on October 26, 2010.
In the eruption, 353 people died, including the caretaker, Mbah Maridjan, who refused to be evacuated. The existence of Mount Merapi is already closely attached to people’s lives, as evidenced by statistical records that show thousands of people still living and residing around Mount Merapi.
There is the list of the most active volcanoes in the world with the facts. the mountain is the most active and dangerous if it erupts. prioritize safety when there are signs that the mountain will erupt.